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Type: FCA Regulation
PART 615 - FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS, AND FUNDING OPERATIONS
Subpart K - Surplus and Collateral Requirements


615.5301 Definitions.
For the purposes of this subpart, the following definitions shall apply:
(a) The terms deferred-tax assets that are dependent on future income or future events, institution, permanent capital, and total capital shall have the meanings set forth in 615.5201.
(b) Core surplus.
(1) Core surplus means:
(i) Undistributed earnings/unallocated surplus less, for associations only, an amount equal to the net investment in the bank;
(ii) Nonqualified allocated equities (including stock) that are not distributed according to an established plan or practice, provided that, in the event that a nonqualified patronage allocation is distributed, other than as required by section 4.14B of the Act, or in connection with a loan default or the death of an equityholder whose loan has been repaid (to the extent provided for in the institution’s capital adequacy plan), any remaining nonqualified allocations that were allocated in the same year will be excluded from core surplus.
(iii) Perpetual common or noncumulative perpetual preferred stock (other than allocated stock) that is not retired according to an established plan or practice, provided that, in the event that stock held by a borrower is retired, other than as required by section 4.14B of the Act or in connection with a loan default to the extent provided for in the institution’s capital plan, the remaining perpetual stock of the same class or series shall be excluded from core surplus;
(iv) A capital instrument or a particular balance sheet entry or account that the Farm Credit Administration has determined to be the functional equivalent of a component of core surplus. The Farm Credit Administration may permit an institution to include all or a portion of such instrument, entry, or account as core surplus, permanently or on a temporary basis, for purposes of this subpart.
(2) For associations only, other allocated equities may also be included in the core surplus ratio to the extent permitted by 615.5330(b) if the following conditions are met:
(i) The allocated equities are includible in total surplus; and
(ii) The allocated equities, if subject to a plan or practice of revolvement or retirement, are not scheduled or intended to be revolved or retired during the next 3 years, provided that, in the event that such allocated equities included in core surplus are retired, other than as required by section 4.14B of the Act, or in connection with a loan default or the death of an equityholder whose loan has been repaid (to the extent provided for in the institution’s capital adequacy plan), any remaining such allocated equities that were allocated in the same year will be excluded from core surplus.
(3) The deductions that must be made by an institution in the computation of its permanent capital pursuant to 615.5207(f), (g), (i), and (k) shall also be made in the computation of its core surplus. Deductions required by 615.5207(a) shall also be made to the extent that they do not duplicate deductions calculated pursuant to this section and required by 615.5330(b)(2).
(4) Equities issued by System institutions and held by other System institutions shall not be included in the core surplus of the issuing institution or of the holder, unless approved pursuant to paragraph (b)(1)(iv) of this section, except that equities held in connection with a loan participation shall not be excluded by the holder. This paragraph shall not apply to investments by an association in its affiliated bank, which are governed by 615.5301(b)(1)(i).
(5) The core surplus of an institution shall exclude the net effect of all transactions included in the component of equity referred to as “accumulated other comprehensive income” (or similar term) as provided by Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 220, Comprehensive Income, and pursuant to Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification subparagraph 220-10-45-14.
(6) The Farm Credit Administration may, if it finds that a particular component, balance sheet entry, or account has characteristics or terms that diminish its contribution to an institution's ability to absorb losses, require the deduction of all or a portion of such component, entry, or account from core surplus.
(c) Net collateral means the value of a bank's collateral as defined by 615.5050 (except that eligible investments as described in 615.5140 are to be valued at their amortized cost), less an amount equal to that portion of the allocated investments of affiliated associations that is not counted as permanent capital by the bank.
(d) Net collateral ratio means a bank's net collateral, divided by the bank's total liabilities.
(e) Net investment in the bank means the total investment by an association in its affiliated bank, less reciprocal investments and investments resulting from a loan originating/service agency relationship, including participations.
(f) Nonqualified allocated equities means allocations of earnings designated to the institution’s members that are not deducted from the gross taxable income of the allocating institution at the time of allocation.
(g) Perpetual stock or equity means stock or equity not having a maturity date, not redeemable at the option of the holder, and having no other provisions that will require the future redemption of the issue.
(h) Qualified allocated equities means allocations of earnings that are deducted from the gross taxable income of the allocating institution and designated to the institution’s members.
(i) Total surplus means:
(1) Undistributed earnings/unallocated surplus;
(2) Allocated equities, including allocated surplus and stock, that are not subject to a plan or practice of revolvement or retirement of 5 years or less and are eligible to be included in permanent capital pursuant to paragraph(4)(iv) of the definition of permanent capital in 615.5201; and
(3) Common and perpetual preferred stock (other than allocated stock) that is not purchased or held as a condition of obtaining a loan, provided that the institution has no established plan or practice of retiring such stock;
(4) Term preferred stock that is not purchased or held as a condition of obtaining a loan, up to a maximum of 25 percent of the institution's permanent capital (as calculated after deductions required in the permanent capital ratio computation). The amount of includible term stock must be reduced by 20 percent (net of redemptions) at the beginning of each of the last 5 years of the term of the instrument;
(5) The total surplus of an institution shall exclude the net effect of all transactions included in the component of equity referred to as “accumulated other comprehensive income” (or similar term) as provided by Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification 220, Comprehensive Income, and pursuant to Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification subparagraph 220-10-45-14.
(6) A capital instrument or a particular balance sheet entry or account that the Farm Credit Administration has determined to be the functional equivalent of a component of total surplus. The Farm Credit Administration may permit one or more institutions to include all or a portion of such instrument, entry, or account as total surplus, permanently or on a temporary basis, for purposes of this subpart.
(7) The Farm Credit Administration may, if it finds that a particular component, balance sheet entry, or account has characteristics or terms that diminish its contribution to an institution's ability to absorb losses, require the deduction of all or a portion of such component, entry, or account from total surplus.
(8) Any deductions made by an institution in the computation of its permanent capital pursuant to 615.5207 shall also be made in the computation of its total surplus.
(j) Total liabilities means liabilities valued in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), except that total liabilities shall exclude the following: (2) Term preferred stock to the extent such stock is included as total surplus in the computation of the bank’s total surplus ratio pursuant to 615.5301(i).

[62 FR 4448, Jan. 30, 1997; as amended by 62 FR 19219, Apr. 21, 1997; 63 FR 39228, July 22, 1998; 68 FR 18535, Apr. 16, 2003; 70 FR 35356, June 17, 2005; 78 FR 21036, April 9, 2013]

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