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Type: Statute
Statute: 1971 ACT AS AMENDED
Title: Title VIII Agricultural Mortgage Secondary Market
Subtitle: Subtitle A - Establishment and Activities of Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation
Chapter Name:
U.S. Code Citation: 12 U.S.C. 2279aa-3

(a) GUARANTEES. After the Board has been duly constituted, subject to the other provisions of this title and other commitments and requirements established pursuant to law, the Corporation may provide guarantees on terms and conditions determined by the Corporation of securities issued on the security of, or in participation in, pooled interests in qualified loans.
(1) IN GENERAL. The Board shall
(A) determine the general policies that shall govern the operations of the Corporation;
(B) select, appoint, and determine the compensation of qualified persons to fill such offices as may be provided for in the bylaws of the Corporation, and
(C) assign to such persons such executive functions, powers, and duties as may be prescribed by the bylaws of the Corporation or by the Board.
(2) EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND FUNCTIONS. The persons elected or appointed under paragraph (1)(B) shall be the executive officers of the Corporation and shall discharge the executive functions, powers, and duties of the Corporation.
(c) POWERS OF THE CORPORATION. The Corporation shall be a body corporate and shall have the following powers:
(1) To operate under the direction of its Board.
(2) To issue stock in the manner provided in section 8.4.
(3) To adopt, alter, and use a corporate seal, which shall be judicially noted.
(4) To provide for a president, 1 or more vice presidents, secretary, treasurer, and such other officers, employees, and agents as may be necessary, define their duties and compensation levels, all without regard to Title 5, United States Code, and require surety bonds or make other provisions against losses occasioned by acts of such persons.
(5) To provide guarantees in the manner provided under section 8.6.
(6) To have succession until dissolved by a law enacted by the Congress.
(7) To prescribe bylaws, through the Board, not inconsistent with law, that shall provide for
(A) the classes of the stock of the Corporation; and
(B) the manner in which
(i) the stock shall be issued, transferred, and retired;
(ii) the officers, employees, and agents of the Corporation are selected;
(iii) the property of the Corporation is acquired, held, and transferred;
(iv) the commitments and other financial assistance of the Corporation are made;
(v) the general business of the Corporation is conducted; and
(vi) the privileges granted by law to the Corporation are exercised and enjoyed;
(8) To prescribe such standards as may be necessary to carry out this title.
(9) To enter into contracts and make payments with respect to the contracts.
(10) To sue and be sued in its corporate capacity and to complain and defend in any action brought by or against the Corporation in any State or Federal court of competent jurisdiction.
(11) To make and perform contracts, agreements, and commitments with persons and entities both inside and outside of the Farm Credit System.
(12) To acquire, hold, lease, mortgage or dispose of, at public or private sale, real and personal property, purchase or sell any securities or obligations, and otherwise exercise all the usual incidents of ownership of property necessary and convenient to the business of the Corporation.
(13) To purchase, hold, sell or assign a qualified loan, to issue a guaranteed security, representing an interest in, or an obligation backed by, the qualified loan, and to perform all the functions and responsibilities of an agricultural mortgage marketing facility operating as a certified facility under this title.
(14) To establish, acquire, and maintain affiliates (as such term is defined in section 8.11(e)) under applicable State laws to carry out any activities that otherwise would be performed directly by the Corporation under this title.
(15) To exercise such other incidental powers as are necessary to carry out the powers, duties, and functions of the Corporation in accordance with this title.
(d) FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AS DEPOSITORIES AND FISCAL AGENTS. The Federal Reserve banks shall act as depositories for, and as fiscal agents or custodians of, the Corporation.
(e) ACCESS TO BOOK-ENTRY SYSTEM. The Corporation shall have access to the book-entry system of the Federal Reserve System.

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